Dandruff – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Dandruff causes,treatment

What is Dandruff?

A white flakes of dead skin cells that we see on the scalp/hair or on shoulders is called as dandruff.Although it is not contagious or life threatening,it is embarrassing/irritating and itchy as well.In some cases it may lead to temporary hair loss.These white flakes can be seen on scalp,shoulders and sometimes on your pillows(surroundings). If left untreated dandruff can become severe.Dandruff can easily be controlled if proper care is taken.

Dandruff causes:

Dry skin:
This is the most common cause of Dandruff.Dry skin on the scalp can cause scaly flakes.These flakes are tiny,less oily and itchy most of the time.

Causes of dry skin:  

  • Hormonal changes
  • Age –It is common for older people to have dry skin
  • Psoriasis
  • Stress
  • Genetic factors
  • Poor diet
  • Smoking
  • Certain medications
  • Environmental pollution

Dry Skin Treatment:

  • Stay Hydrated-Drink Plenty of water
  • Try eating foods that have omega-3s,vitamin B7.
  • Avoid excessive styling,styling tools and products
  • Use a gentle shampoo

Seborrheic Dermatitis:
It is one of the most common cause of dandruff. It can be seen in areas of the body that have a high density of oil-producing  glands.Experts say that this is the severe type of dandruff.It affects men,women irrespective of age.
It mainly affects the scalp where you can observe red,greasy skin covered with large flake of skin cells.Seborrheic dermatitis can also be seen on other oily areas of their body, such as eyebrows,nose,backs of ears, upper chest and back.

Causes of seborrheic dermatitis:

  • Genetic and hormonal influences
  • Malassezia  a type of fungus that lives on skin.It is harmless but it sometimes grows out of control and stimulates new skin formation.
  • Stress
  • Diseases which affects immune system and the nervous system

Seborrheic Dermatitis Treatment:
Seborrheic Dermatitis can be treated by using anti dandruff shampoo that contains one of these key ingredients:

  • Ketoconazole
  • Coal tar
  • Zinc pyrithione
  • Salicylic acid
  • Selenium sulfide

Scalp Psoriasis:
Psoriasis is a problem in an immune system which grows too many skin cells on various parts of the body including scalp.Psoriasis causes red, swollen patches on the body with itching and flaking as well.
Psoriasis can be treated by Topical corticosteroids,Vitamin D analogues,Topical retinoids,Salicylic acid and Coal tar. If these doesn’t work,you need to consult dermatologists for better results.

Tinea Capitis:
Most commonly known as ringworm is a fungal infection which infects our body including scalp.Once we develop ringworm on scalp,we can observe round patch causing itching,burning and eventually hair fall.This can be spread from one person to other person via combs,common towel and brushes.
Use Anti-fungal shampoos,oral anti fungal medicines such as  griseofulvin,terbinafine and itraconazole.Avoid sharing personal belongings with others.

It’s most common in babies and children, but anyone can get it. This is a  condition where your scalp feels itchy and flaky.Eczema can be treated by Emollients,Topical Steroids,Atopic Eczema and Discoid Eczema.
Not shampooing enough:If you do not wash your hair quite often,then dead cells can build up and may lead to dandruff.It is always important to wash your hair 3-4 times a week.

Medication and Other Causes:
Certain medications such as chemotherapy causes dandruff.People who have low immune system can suffer from dandruff problem.

Improper Diet:
People who have less intake of zinc, B vitamins and healthy fats have high risk of being affected with dandruff.

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